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Dez. Doch in seinem Herkunftsland Uruguay formierte sich schon seit langem Widerstand gegen das aggressive und stark ideologisch gefärbte. Entfernungsrechner zeigt die Entfernung zwischen Venezuela und Uruguay und stellt die Fahrstrecke auf einer Karte dar. Mit Luftlinie, Reisedauer, Flugroute. / Beendet. Venezuela. Uruguay. Venezuela. Uruguay. Stadion. Polideportivo Pueblo Nuevo. Zuschauer. Schiedsrichter.

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Die Zahl der Toten hat sich dabei nach Angaben von Aktivisten deutlich erhöht. Series 0 - 0. Aus dem Archiv Machtkampf in Venezuela: Beide liefern sich zurzeit einen erbitterten Machtkampf. Einloggen oder registrieren um den Live-Stream zu sehen. Die USA und zahlreiche lateinamerikanische Staaten hatten zuvor erklärt, den Gegenpräsidenten als legitimen Staatschef anzuerkennen. Hierbei werden bei Städten, Regionen und Ländern die jeweilige geografische Mitte verwendet. Hilf mit diesen Service für jeden auf der Welt zugänglich zu machen und übersetze Luftlinie. Financial Times World Desk Reference. University of California Press. Venezuela portal Venezuela uruguay America deutsche lust.com. Paraguay 0 - 1 Venezuela. The Common Market Group shall be made up of four permanent members and four alternates from each member state, representing the following public agencies: Inafter years of diplomatic attempts to solve the border dispute, the dispute over the Champions league final 2019 River border flared up. Ridika casino, in the census, which Venezuelans were asked to identify themselves according to their customs and ancestry, brazil time zone term mestizo was excluded from the answers. Archived from the original on 22 April Venezuela 0 - 1 Iran. This culminated in the Federal War —a civil war in which hundreds of thousands died in a country with a population of city club casino south africa much more than a million people. The History of Venezuela. Number of kidnappings in Venezuela — Compensation for the investment holder that is expropriated or nationalized should be both adequate and effective, and made in advance, based on the real investment value determined at the time the decision is publicly announced by the proper authorities.

The presidents of the member nations shall partake of the annual Common Market Council meeting whenever possible. Council decisions shall be made by consensus, with representation of all member states.

The Group is the executive body of Mercosur, and is coordinated by the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the member states. Its basic duties are to cause compliance with the Asuncion Treaty and to take resolutions required for implementation of the decisions made by the Council.

Furthermore, it can initiate practical measures for trade opening, coordination of macroeconomic policies, and negotiation of agreements with nonmember states and international agencies, participating when need be in resolution of controversies under Mercosur.

It has the authority to organize, coordinate and supervise Work Subgroups and to call special meetings to deal with issues of interest.

The Common Market Group shall be made up of four permanent members and four alternates from each member state, representing the following public agencies: The members of the Common Market Group appointed by a given member state will constitute the National Section of the Common Market Group for that particular nation.

The Common Market Group will meet ordinarily at least once every quarter in the member states, in rotating alphabetical order. Special meetings may be freely called at any time, at any previously scheduled place.

The meetings will be coordinated by the Head of the Delegation of the host member state. Common Market Group decisions shall be made by consensus, with the representation of all member states.

The official Mercosur languages will be Portuguese and Spanish, and the official version of all work papers will be prepared in the language of the country hosting the meeting.

The Administrative Office will keep documents and issue the Mercosur official bulletin in both Portuguese and Spanish, and will also be charged with communicating the activities of the Common Market Group so as to allow for the maximum disclosure of decisions and the relevant documentation.

The Socioeconomic Advisory Forum is consultative by nature, and represents the various socioeconomic sectors of the member nations.

Directly subordinated to the Common Market Group, the Work Subgroups draw up the minutes of the decisions to submit for the consideration of the Council, and conduct studies on specific Mercosur concerns.

The work subgroups are the following: The meetings of the Work subgroups will be held quarterly, alternating in every member state, in alphabetical order, or at the Common Market Group Administrative Office.

Activities will be carried out by the Work Subgroups in two stages: In the preparatory stage, the members of the Work Subgroups may request the participation of representatives from the private sector of each member state.

The Committee will have both an advisory and decision-making nature; with powers to submit proposals as well. It will be competent, inter alia, to: The Committee will be composed of a maximum of 64 acting parliamentary members, 16 per member state, and an equal number of alternates, appointed by the Congress to which they pertain, and with a term of office of at least two years.

The Committee will ordinarily meet twice a year, and extraordinarily whenever summoned by any of its five presidents. Meetings are held in the territory of each member state on a successive and alternating basis.

Meetings of the Joint Parliamentary Committee will only be valid when attended by parliamentary delegations from all member states.

Decisions by the Joint Parliamentary Committee will be made by consensus vote of the majority of the members accredited by the respective Congresses of each member state.

Portuguese and Spanish are the official languages of the Joint Parliamentary Committee. The Trade Commission will assist the Mercosur executive body, always striving to apply the instruments of common trade policy agreed to by the member states for operation of the customs unification.

The commission should also follow up on the development of issues and matters related to common trade policies, the intra-Mercosur trade and trade with other countries.

The Trade Commission shall exert every effort to apply common trade policy instruments such as: Furthermore, the trade commission should speak out regarding the issues raised by the member states regarding application and compliance with common offshore tariffs and other common trade policy instruments.

The commission shall meet at least once a month, as well as whenever asked to by the Mercosur executive agency or by a member state. The commission can take decisions entailing administration and application of trade policies adopted under Southern Common Market, and whenever necessary submit proposals to the executive body regarding regulation of the areas under its authority; additionally, it can propose new guidelines or modify those in existence in Mercosur trade and customs matters.

In this respect, the trade commission can propose a change in the import duty on specific items under common external tariffs , including cases referring to development of new Mercosur production activities.

To better achieve its objectives, the trade commission can create technical committees targeting direction and supervision of the work it engages in.

It can also adopt internal operating regulations. Proposals and decisions of the trade commission will be taken by a consensus of the representatives indicated by each member nation.

Any disputes ensuing from the application, interpretation or compliance with the acts issued by the trade commission are referred to the Mercosur executive body, and should be resolved using the directives set forth in the Dispute Resolution System adopted under Southern Common Market.

The rules on litigation jurisdiction over contractual matters will apply to disputes arising from civil or commercial international contracts between private-law legal entities or individuals provided that: They are domiciled or headquartered in different member states: At least one of the parties to the contract is domiciled or headquartered in any member state and, additionally, has made a choice of jurisdiction in favor of a court in one of the member states.

In this case, there must be a reasonable connection between the jurisdiction chosen and the controversy. The scope of the application of the international jurisdiction guidelines over contractual matters excludes the following: Courts in member nations to whose jurisdiction the contracted parties have agreed to submit the matter in writing will have jurisdiction to settle controversies stemming from civil or commercial international contracts.

The jurisdiction can be agreed on at the time the contract is signed, during the life of the contract, or even when the dispute actually arises.

The validity and effects of the choice of venue will be governed by the law of the member nations that normally have jurisdiction to hear the case, always resorting to the law most favorable to the validity of the contract.

Whether or not jurisdiction is chosen, such jurisdiction will be prorogated in favor of the courts of the member state where the proceedings are in fact filed, provided the respondent voluntarily allows this in an affirmative and unfeigned way.

Should the contracted parties not agree on courts competent to settle disputes, the member state chosen by the plaintiff of the case has jurisdiction—the court of the place where the contract is to be performed, the court of the domicile of the respondent, or the court of the domicile , or headquarters of the claimant when the latter can show that it has done its part.

For purposes of item i above the place of performance of the contract is the member state where the obligations on which the claim is based have been or should be performed, taking into consideration the following: For contracts involving certain specific items, the place where they existed at the time of contract signing; For contracts involving specific items according to their type, the place of domicile of the debtor at the time of contract signing; For contracts involving fungible items, the place of domicile of the debtor at the time of conclusion of the contract; and For service rendering contracts:.

In the event of there being a counterclaim based on any act or fact that served as the basis for the main proceeding, the courts hearing the main proceeding will be competent to hear any counterclaims that may arise.

Based on the premise that education is a fundamental factor in the regional integration process, educational courses at the primary or junior high level, provided that they do not entail technical studies, will be recognized by member states as being on the same level for all member nations.

Likewise, to facilitate continuing education, course certificates issued by an institution accredited in one of the member states is valid in all other member states.

Nontechnical primary and junior high level studies that have not been completed are accredited by any member state, thereby allowing course conclusion in another member nation.

Studies are completed using an equivalency table to determine the level achieved. A regional technical commission harmonizes mechanisms for accreditation across member nations, and resolves any situation not be covered by the equivalency table.

This commission includes delegations from the ministries of education of each member nation, and meets whenever at least two member states think it necessary.

Meeting sites are established on a rotating basis. Any disputes among member states as a result of application, construction, or noncompliance regarding provisions related to education are initially resolved by direct diplomatic negotiations.

Should the countries not reach an accord or only partially resolve the dispute, they resort to procedures set out in the dispute resolution system.

Should the member nations enter into a bilateral convention or accord with provisions more favorable to their students, the member states in question can apply whichever provisions they consider most advantageous.

The member nations can have commercial free-trade zones, industrial free-trade zones, export processing zones, and special customs areas, all of which target providing merchandise marketed or produced in these areas with treatment different from that afforded in their respective customs territories.

He also said that "each Mercosur country should have a multiplicity of memberships. Mercosur must have joint international policies, an agreement on moderate protection from third parties and above all must have agreements with other trade blocks".

The member states can assess merchandise from these areas with the common external tariff used for Mercosur merchandise, or, in the case of certain special products, the domestic tariff prevailing in each individual state.

In this way, the products from the free-trade zones can have the more favorable tax treatment established under Southern Common Market, given to the merchandise produced in the normal customs zones of each member state or, in the case of certain special products, can have the normal customs treatment prevailing in each nation.

Products coming from outside of Mercosur are highly taxed so that local companies do not feel the need to compete with large international companies.

Products produced or marketed in the free-trade zones of each member nation will be eligible for the safeguard system whenever this entails an increase not provided for in imports, but capable of causing damages or threatened damages to the importer country.

The member nations agreed that any free-trade zones that in August were already in operation could operate normally under Mercosur, along with any that are set up in light of legal guidelines prevailing or in course in congress during this same time period.

This means that a member nation can no longer create new free-trade zones that are more privileged. Mercosur is an effective agreement for its members.

The actual implementation of Mercosur will not affect the special Manaus , Brazil, and Tierra del Fuego , Argentina, free-trade zones organized in light of their special geographic situations.

These two free-trade zones may continue normal operations until It was established in this protocol that investments under Mercosur by investors resident or domiciled in the territory of any member state will be entitled to treatment no less favorable than that accorded by the other member state to national investors or nonmember states.

For the purposes of constructing the Colonia Protocol, investors are considered to be: Individuals who are citizens of any of the member nations or that reside there on a permanent basis or are domiciled there, with due regard for legislation prevailing in such territory; Legal entities organized pursuant to the legislation of one of the member nations that are headquartered there; and Legal entities organized in the territory where the investment is made, actually and directly or indirectly controlled by the legal entities or individuals mentioned above.

The term investment includes all types of assets such as: The member states are not however obligated to extend to investors in the other nations signatory to the Colonia Protocol the benefits of any treatment, preference or privilege resulting from international accords relating fully or partially to tax matters.

In addition, the member nations can temporarily establish a list of exceptions where the new treatment will not yet prevail. The member nations undertook to do nothing to nationalize or expropriate investments in their territories that pertain to investors from the signatory countries, unless such measures are taken based on public need.

In such case, nothing discriminatory can be done, but everything must be implemented by due legal process. Compensation for the investment holder that is expropriated or nationalized should be both adequate and effective, and made in advance, based on the real investment value determined at the time the decision is publicly announced by the proper authorities.

This payment will be updated until actual payment, and the affected investor will receive interest.

The original member state investors will be ensured free transfer of their investments and any earnings thereon. These transfers can be made in freely convertible currency, using the exchange rate prevailing on the market pursuant to the procedures established by the member state receiving the investment.

Member nations cannot adopt any exchange measures restricting free transfer of the funds invested or from activities exercised in their respective territories.

The development of Mercosur was arguably weakened by the collapse of the Argentine economy in and it has still seen internal conflicts over trade policy, between Brazil and Argentina, Argentina and Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil, etc.

In addition, many obstacles must be addressed before the development of a common currency in Mercosur.

In , Mercosur signed a cooperation agreement with the Andean Community of Nations trade bloc CAN and they published a joint letter of intent for future negotiations towards integrating all of South America.

Key Role for Bolivia. The malaise over the debts of Venezuela reached the barracks and the national business. The two first parties would dominate the political landscape for four decades.

The new democratic order had its antagonists. Betancourt suffered an attack planned by the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo in , and the leftists excluded from the Pact initiated an armed insurgency by organizing themselves in the Armed Forces of National Liberation, sponsored by the Communist Party and Fidel Castro.

At the same time, Betancourt promoted an international doctrine in which he only recognized elected governments by popular vote.

The construction industry was revitalized through the "rediscount" of the Central Bank of Venezuela.

The Economic Recovery Plan fulfilled its objectives and in , Venezuela was able to return to an anchored exchange rate, with free purchase and sale of foreign currency.

This system lasted until the Venezuelan Black Friday of , although the model was already running out at the end of the seventies.

For much of the period between and , the Venezuelan economy was characterized by its stability and sustained strength, factors that contributed decisively to being able to maintain a fixed exchange rate without major inconveniences.

The economic bonanza also had the characteristics of an economic bubble, but Venezuelans remember the "Ta barato, dame dos".

This led to massive increases in public spending, but also increases in external debts, which continued into the s when the collapse of oil prices during the s crippled the Venezuelan economy.

A number of failed economic policies and increasing corruption in government led to rising poverty and crime, worsening social indicators, and increased political instability.

Most of these works had been previously planned. This translated into sustained increases in the average real wage and an improvement in the condition of life.

In the bolivar was devalued on Black Friday [ which? In the government of Jaime Lusinchi — , an attempt was made to solve the problem.

Unfortunately, the measures failed. After a long period of accelerated economic expansion that lasts for six decades value of the stock of homes by families , an extreme higher value is reached towards From this historical value begins then a systematic fall that mounts to 26 hundred up to , and that configures a genuine unique experience in contemporary economic life.

Venezuela was preparing for the decentralization of its political system and the diversification of its economy, reducing the large size of the State.

The COPRE operated as an innovation mechanism, also by incorporating issues into the political agenda that were generally excluded from public deliberation by the main actors of the Venezuelan democratic system.

The most discussed topics were incorporated into the public agenda: Unfortunately, the social reality of the country made the changes difficult to apply.

In the subsequent decade, the government was forced into several currency devaluations. He was elected for another term in December and re-elected for a third term in October However, he was never sworn in for his third period, due to medical complications.

Poverty and inflation began to increase into the s. Chavez picked Maduro as his successor and appointed him vice president in Despite the demand for a recount and claims of manipulation by his competitor, Maduro was announced victorious.

The Democratic Unity Roundtable contested his election as fraud and as a violation of the constitution. In the Venezuelan parliamentary election , the opposition gained a majority.

Venezuela devalued its currency in February due to the rising shortages in the country, [78] [] which included those of milk, flour, and other necessities.

This led to an increase in malnutrition, especially among children. Close to riots had occurred in Venezuelan prisons by October , according to Una Ventana a la Libertad, an advocacy group for better prison conditions.

In , Venezuela experienced a constitutional crisis in the country. In March , opposition leaders branded President Nicolas Maduro a dictator after the Maduro-aligned Supreme Tribunal, which had been overturning most National Assembly decisions since the opposition took control of the body, took over the functions of the assembly, pushing a lengthy political standoff to new heights.

A month later, President Maduro announced the Venezuelan Constituent Assembly election, and on 30 August , the Constituent National Assembly was elected into office and quickly stripped the National Assembly of its powers.

Maduro won the election with Venezuela is located in the north of South America; geologically, its mainland rests on the South American Plate.

Most observers describe Venezuela in terms of four fairly well-defined topographical regions: The Orinoco, with its rich alluvial soils , binds the largest and most important river system of the country; it originates in one of the largest watersheds in Latin America.

Venezuela borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south. Venezuela has territorial disputes with Guyana, formerly United Kingdom, largely concerning the Essequibo area and with Colombia concerning the Gulf of Venezuela.

In , after years of diplomatic attempts to solve the border dispute, the dispute over the Essequibo River border flared up.

It also has large areas of arable land and water. The precipitation level is lower in the period from August through April. These periods are referred to as hot-humid and cold-dry seasons.

Another characteristic of the climate is this variation throughout the country by the existence of a mountain range called "Cordillera de la Costa" which crosses the country from east to west.

The majority of the population lives in these mountains. The country falls into four horizontal temperature zones based primarily on elevation, having tropical, dry, temperate with dry winters, and polar alpine tundra climates, amongst others.

Venezuela lies within the Neotropic ecozone ; large portions of the country were originally covered by moist broadleaf forests.

They include xeric scrublands in the extreme northwest and coastal mangrove forests in the northeast. Animals of Venezuela are diverse and include manatees , three-toed sloth , two-toed sloth , Amazon river dolphins , and Orinoco crocodiles , which have been reported to reach up to 6.

Venezuela hosts a total of 1, bird species, 48 of which are endemic. More than half of Venezuelan avian and mammalian species are found in the Amazonian forests south of the Orinoco.

For the fungi, an account was provided by R. Dennis [] which has been digitized and the records made available on-line as part of the Cybertruffle Robigalia database.

The tops of the tepuis are also home to several carnivorous plants including the marsh pitcher plant, Heliamphora , and the insectivorous bromeliad, Brocchinia reducta.

Venezuela is among the top 20 countries in terms of endemism. Venezuela is one of the 10 most biodiverse countries on the planet, yet it is one of the leaders of deforestation due to economic and political factors.

Each year, roughly , hectares of forest are permanently destroyed and other areas are degraded by mining, oil extraction, and logging.

Between and , Venezuela officially lost 8. Covering 32, square miles 82, square kilometres , the area is off-limits to farmers, miners, and all non-Yanomami settlers.

Two major blocs of political parties are in Venezuela: The Venezuelan president is elected by a vote, with direct and universal suffrage , and is both head of state and head of government.

The term of office is six years, and as of 15 February a president may be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The president appoints the vice president and decides the size and composition of the cabinet and makes appointments to it with the involvement of the legislature.

The president can ask the legislature to reconsider portions of laws he finds objectionable, but a simple parliamentary majority can override these objections.

The president may ask the National Assembly to pass an enabling act granting the ability to rule by decree in specified policy areas; this requires a two-thirds majority in the Assembly.

Since , six Venezuelan presidents have been granted such powers. The number of members is variable — each state and the Capital district elect three representatives plus the result of dividing the state population by 1.

For the — period the number of seats is The voting age in Venezuela is 18 and older. Voting is not compulsory. The legal system of Venezuela belongs to the Continental Law tradition.

The highest judicial body is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia , whose magistrates are elected by parliament for a single two-year term.

Supreme Court president Luisa Estela Morales said in December that Venezuela had moved away from "a rigid division of powers" toward a system characterized by "intense coordination" between the branches of government.

Morales clarified that each power must be independent adding that "one thing is separation of powers and another one is division".

Parliamentary Elections were held in Venezuela on 6 December to elect the deputies and three indigenous representatives of the National Assembly.

In , a series of protest and demonstrations began in Venezuela, attributed to inflation, violence and shortages in Venezuela. The government has accused the protest of being motivated by fascists , opposition leaders, capitalism and foreign influence, [] despite being largely peaceful.

Despite this, Maduro said "I will stop by hook or by crook the opposition coming to power, whatever the costs, in any way".

The first steps taken by PSUV and government were the substitution of the entire Supreme Court a day after the Parliamentary Elections [] contrary to the Constitution of Venezuela, acclaimed as a fraud by the majority of the Venezuelan and international press.

Maduro said that "the Amnesty law approved by the Parliament will not be executed" and asked the Supreme Court to declare it unconstitutional before the law was known.

On 16 January , Maduro approved an unconstitutional economic emergency decree, [] relegating to his own figure the legislative and executive powers, while also holding judiciary power through the fraudulent designation of judges the day after the election on 6 December On 14 May , constitutional guarantees were in fact suspended when Maduro decreed the extension of the economic emergency decree for another 60 days and declared a State of Emergency, [] which is a clear violation of the Constitution of Venezuela [] in the Article th: On 14 May , the Organization of American States was considering the application of the Inter-American Democratic Charter [] sanctions for non-compliance to its own constitution.

In March , the Venezuelan Supreme Court took over law making powers from the National Assembly [] but reversed its decision the following day.

Throughout most of the 20th century, Venezuela maintained friendly relations with most Latin American and Western nations. In , Venezuela was declared a national security threat by U.

Venezuela seeks alternative hemispheric integration via such proposals as the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas trade proposal and the newly launched pan-Latin American television network teleSUR.

Venezuela is one of five nations in the world—along with Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria—to have recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Globally, it seeks a " multi-polar " world based on strengthened ties among undeveloped countries. It will take two years for the country to formally leave.

During this period, the country does not plan on participating in the OAS. Venezuela is involved in a long-standing disagreement about the control of the Guayana Esequiba area.

It includes over , men and women, under Article of the Constitution, in 5 components of Ground, Sea and Air. The components of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces are: As of [update] , a further , soldiers were incorporated into a new branch, known as the Armed Reserve.

The President of Venezuela is the commander-in-chief of the national armed forces. The main roles of the armed forces are to defend the sovereign national territory of Venezuela, airspace, and islands, fight against drug trafficking, to search and rescue and, in the case of a natural disaster, civil protection.

All male citizens of Venezuela have a constitutional duty to register for the military service at the age of 18, which is the age of majority in Venezuela.

According to some sources, Venezuela was the most murderous place on Earth in , but researchers like Dorothy Kronick have shown that NGOs have manipulated unofficial statistics.

The number of homicides in Venezuela has been inflated, which has even been recognized by opposition intellectuals. Venezuela is especially dangerous toward foreign travelers and investors who are visiting.

The United States Department of State and the Government of Canada have warned foreign visitors that they may be subjected to robbery, kidnapping for a ransom or sale to terrorist organizations [] and murder, and that their own diplomatic travelers are required to travel in armored vehicles.

There are approximately 33 prisons holding about 50, inmates. Corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and was so for much of the 20th century.

The ranking placed Venezuela at number , out of ranked countries in government transparency. Venezuela ranks fourth in the world for cocaine seizures, behind Colombia, the United States, and Panama.

However, many major government and military officials have been known for their involvement with drug trafficking; especially with the October incident of men from the Venezuelan National Guard placing 1.

Venezuela is divided into 23 states estados , a capital district distrito capital corresponding to the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies Dependencias Federales , a special territory.

Venezuela is further subdivided into municipalities municipios ; these are subdivided into over one thousand parishes parroquias.

The states are grouped into nine administrative regions regiones administrativas , which were established in by presidential decree.

The country can be further divided into ten geographical areas, some corresponding to climatic and biogeographical regions. In the north are the Venezuelan Andes and the Coro region , a mountainous tract in the northwest, holds several sierras and valleys.

East of it are lowlands abutting Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela. The Central Range runs parallel to the coast and includes the hills surrounding Caracas; the Eastern Range, separated from the Central Range by the Gulf of Cariaco , covers all of Sucre and northern Monagas.

Nueva Esparta and the various Federal Dependencies. Other notable manufacturing includes electronics and automobiles , as well as beverages , and foodstuffs.

The country is not self-sufficient in most areas of agriculture. In , total food consumption was over 26 million metric tonnes, a Previously an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.

The recovery of oil prices after boosted the Venezuelan economy and facilitated social spending. With social programs such as the Bolivarian Missions , Venezuela initially made progress in social development in the s, particularly in areas such as health, education, and poverty.

This led to the development of a parallel market of dollars in the subsequent years. The fallout of the global financial crisis saw a renewed economic downturn.

One of his decisions was to force stores and their warehouses to sell all of their products, which led to even more shortages in the future.

Tourism has been developed considerably in recent decades, particularly because of its favorable geographical position, the variety of landscapes, the richness of plant and wildlife , the artistic expressions and the privileged tropical climate of the country, which affords each region especially the beaches throughout the year.

Margarita Island is one of the top tourist destinations for enjoyment and relaxation. It is an island with a modern infrastructure, bordered by beautiful beaches suitable for extreme sports, and features castles, fortresses and churches of great cultural value.

Shortages occur in regulated products, such as milk, various types of meat, coffee, rice, oil, flour, butter, and other goods including basic necessities like toilet paper, personal hygiene products, and even medicine.

A drought, combined with a lack of planning and maintenance, has caused a hydroelectricity shortage. To deal with lack of power supply, in April the Maduro government announced rolling blackouts [] and reduced the government workweek to only Monday and Tuesday.

By late and into , Venezuelans had to search for food on a daily basis, occasionally resorting to eating wild fruit or garbage , wait in lines for hours and sometimes settle without having certain products.

Venezuela has the largest oil reserves, and the eighth largest natural gas reserves in the world, and consistently ranks among the top ten world crude oil producers.

In the first half of the 20th century, US oil companies were heavily involved in Venezuela, initially interested only in purchasing concessions.

Managers and skilled highly paid technicians of PDVSA shut down the plants and left their posts, and by some reports sabotaged equipment, and petroleum production and refining by PDVSA almost ceased.

Activities eventually were slowly restarted by returning and substitute oil workers. Venezuela has a limited national railway system , which has no active rail connections to other countries.

The Maracaibo Metro and Valencia Metro were opened more recently. Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; [10] [11] the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital Caracas, which is also the largest city.

The largest and most important city south of the Orinoco is Ciudad Guayana , which is the sixth most populous conurbation. According to a study by sociologists of the Central University of Venezuela , over 1.

The people of Venezuela come from a variety of ancestries. It is estimated that the majority of the population is of mestizo , or mixed, ethnic ancestry.

Nevertheless, in the census, which Venezuelans were asked to identify themselves according to their customs and ancestry, the term mestizo was excluded from the answers.

The majority claimed to be mestizo or white — Ethnic minorities in Venezuela consist of groups that descend mainly from African or indigenous peoples; 2.

During the colonial period and until after the Second World War, many of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands , [] which had a significant cultural impact on the cuisine and customs of Venezuela.

Later, during and after the war, new waves of immigrants from other parts of Europe, the Middle East, and China began; many were encouraged by government-established immigration programs and lenient immigration policies.

According to the World Refugee Survey , published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Venezuela hosted a population of refugee and asylum seekers from Colombia numbering , in , and 10, new asylum seekers entered Venezuela in The total indigenous population of the country is estimated at about thousand people 2.

Although most residents are monolingual Spanish speakers, many languages are spoken in Venezuela. Wayuu is the most spoken indigenous language with , speakers.

Immigrants, in addition to Spanish, speak their own languages. Chinese , , Portuguese , [] and Italian , , [] are the most spoken languages in Venezuela after the official language of Spanish.

English is the most widely used foreign language in demand and is spoken by many professionals, academics, and members of the upper and middle classes as a result of oil exploration by foreign companies, in addition to its acceptance as a lingua franca.

Culturally, English is common in southern towns like El Callao , for the English-speaking native influence evident in folk songs and calypso Venezuelan and French with English voices.

English was brought by Trinidadian and other British West Indies immigrants. Other languages spoken by large communities in the country are Basque and Galician , among others.

Religion in Venezuela according to the census. There are small but influential Muslim , Buddhist , and Jewish communities. Buddhism in Venezuela is practiced by over 52, people.

The Buddhist community is made up mainly of Chinese , Japanese , and Koreans. The Jewish community has shrunk in recent years due to rising antisemitism in Venezuela , [] [] [] [] [] with the population declining from 22, in [] to less than 7, in The culture of Venezuela is a melting pot, which includes mainly three different families: The indigenous, African, and Spanish.

The first two cultures were in turn differentiated according to the tribes. Acculturation and assimilation, typical of a cultural syncretism, caused an arrival at the current Venezuelan culture, similar in many respects to the rest of Latin America, although the natural environment means that there are important differences.

The indigenous influence is limited to a few words of vocabulary and gastronomy and many place names. The African influence in the same way, in addition to musical instruments like the drum.

The Spanish influence was predominant due to the colonization process and the socioeconomic structure it created and in particular came from the regions of Andalusia and Extremadura, the places of origin of most settlers in the Caribbean during the colonial era.

An example of this includes buildings, music, the Catholic religion, and language. Spanish influences are evident in bullfights and certain features of gastronomy.

Venezuela was also enriched by other streams of Indian and European origin in the 19th century, especially from France. In the latest stage in the major cities and regions oil of U.

For example, from United States comes the influence of taste for baseball, US-style fast food, and current architectural constructions.

Venezuelan art was initially dominated by religious motifs. Venezuelan literature originated soon after the Spanish conquest of the mostly pre-literate indigenous societies.

The national musical instrument is the cuatro. The Zulian gaita is also a very popular style, generally performed during Christmas. The national dance is the joropo.

In the last years, Classical Music has had great performances. The orchestra is the pinnacle of El Sistema , a publicly financed voluntary sector music education program now being emulated in other countries.

Afro-Venezuelan musical traditions are most intimately related to the festivals of the "black folk saints" San Juan and St. Specific songs are related to the different stages of the festival and of the procession, when the saints start their yearly paseo — stroll — through the community to dance with their people.

The origins of baseball in Venezuela is unclear, although it is known that the sport was being played in the nation by the late 19th century.

The immense popularity of baseball in the country makes Venezuela a rarity among its South American neighbors— association football is the dominant sport in the continent.

Although not as popular in Venezuela as the rest of South America, football, spearheaded by the Venezuela national football team is gaining popularity as well.

The sport is also noted for having an increased focus during the World Cup. Venezuela is also home to former Formula 1 driver, Pastor Maldonado.

The Venezuelan cuisine, one of the most varied in the region, reflects the climatic contrasts and cultures coexisting in Venezuela.

Venezuela uruguay - amusing

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The work subgroups are the following: The meetings of the Work subgroups will be held quarterly, alternating in every member state, in alphabetical order, or at the Common Market Group Administrative Office.

Activities will be carried out by the Work Subgroups in two stages: In the preparatory stage, the members of the Work Subgroups may request the participation of representatives from the private sector of each member state.

The Committee will have both an advisory and decision-making nature; with powers to submit proposals as well. It will be competent, inter alia, to: The Committee will be composed of a maximum of 64 acting parliamentary members, 16 per member state, and an equal number of alternates, appointed by the Congress to which they pertain, and with a term of office of at least two years.

The Committee will ordinarily meet twice a year, and extraordinarily whenever summoned by any of its five presidents. Meetings are held in the territory of each member state on a successive and alternating basis.

Meetings of the Joint Parliamentary Committee will only be valid when attended by parliamentary delegations from all member states.

Decisions by the Joint Parliamentary Committee will be made by consensus vote of the majority of the members accredited by the respective Congresses of each member state.

Portuguese and Spanish are the official languages of the Joint Parliamentary Committee. The Trade Commission will assist the Mercosur executive body, always striving to apply the instruments of common trade policy agreed to by the member states for operation of the customs unification.

The commission should also follow up on the development of issues and matters related to common trade policies, the intra-Mercosur trade and trade with other countries.

The Trade Commission shall exert every effort to apply common trade policy instruments such as: Furthermore, the trade commission should speak out regarding the issues raised by the member states regarding application and compliance with common offshore tariffs and other common trade policy instruments.

The commission shall meet at least once a month, as well as whenever asked to by the Mercosur executive agency or by a member state.

The commission can take decisions entailing administration and application of trade policies adopted under Southern Common Market, and whenever necessary submit proposals to the executive body regarding regulation of the areas under its authority; additionally, it can propose new guidelines or modify those in existence in Mercosur trade and customs matters.

In this respect, the trade commission can propose a change in the import duty on specific items under common external tariffs , including cases referring to development of new Mercosur production activities.

To better achieve its objectives, the trade commission can create technical committees targeting direction and supervision of the work it engages in.

It can also adopt internal operating regulations. Proposals and decisions of the trade commission will be taken by a consensus of the representatives indicated by each member nation.

Any disputes ensuing from the application, interpretation or compliance with the acts issued by the trade commission are referred to the Mercosur executive body, and should be resolved using the directives set forth in the Dispute Resolution System adopted under Southern Common Market.

The rules on litigation jurisdiction over contractual matters will apply to disputes arising from civil or commercial international contracts between private-law legal entities or individuals provided that: They are domiciled or headquartered in different member states: At least one of the parties to the contract is domiciled or headquartered in any member state and, additionally, has made a choice of jurisdiction in favor of a court in one of the member states.

In this case, there must be a reasonable connection between the jurisdiction chosen and the controversy. The scope of the application of the international jurisdiction guidelines over contractual matters excludes the following: Courts in member nations to whose jurisdiction the contracted parties have agreed to submit the matter in writing will have jurisdiction to settle controversies stemming from civil or commercial international contracts.

The jurisdiction can be agreed on at the time the contract is signed, during the life of the contract, or even when the dispute actually arises.

The validity and effects of the choice of venue will be governed by the law of the member nations that normally have jurisdiction to hear the case, always resorting to the law most favorable to the validity of the contract.

Whether or not jurisdiction is chosen, such jurisdiction will be prorogated in favor of the courts of the member state where the proceedings are in fact filed, provided the respondent voluntarily allows this in an affirmative and unfeigned way.

Should the contracted parties not agree on courts competent to settle disputes, the member state chosen by the plaintiff of the case has jurisdiction—the court of the place where the contract is to be performed, the court of the domicile of the respondent, or the court of the domicile , or headquarters of the claimant when the latter can show that it has done its part.

For purposes of item i above the place of performance of the contract is the member state where the obligations on which the claim is based have been or should be performed, taking into consideration the following: For contracts involving certain specific items, the place where they existed at the time of contract signing; For contracts involving specific items according to their type, the place of domicile of the debtor at the time of contract signing; For contracts involving fungible items, the place of domicile of the debtor at the time of conclusion of the contract; and For service rendering contracts:.

In the event of there being a counterclaim based on any act or fact that served as the basis for the main proceeding, the courts hearing the main proceeding will be competent to hear any counterclaims that may arise.

Based on the premise that education is a fundamental factor in the regional integration process, educational courses at the primary or junior high level, provided that they do not entail technical studies, will be recognized by member states as being on the same level for all member nations.

Likewise, to facilitate continuing education, course certificates issued by an institution accredited in one of the member states is valid in all other member states.

Nontechnical primary and junior high level studies that have not been completed are accredited by any member state, thereby allowing course conclusion in another member nation.

Studies are completed using an equivalency table to determine the level achieved. A regional technical commission harmonizes mechanisms for accreditation across member nations, and resolves any situation not be covered by the equivalency table.

This commission includes delegations from the ministries of education of each member nation, and meets whenever at least two member states think it necessary.

Meeting sites are established on a rotating basis. Any disputes among member states as a result of application, construction, or noncompliance regarding provisions related to education are initially resolved by direct diplomatic negotiations.

Should the countries not reach an accord or only partially resolve the dispute, they resort to procedures set out in the dispute resolution system.

Should the member nations enter into a bilateral convention or accord with provisions more favorable to their students, the member states in question can apply whichever provisions they consider most advantageous.

The member nations can have commercial free-trade zones, industrial free-trade zones, export processing zones, and special customs areas, all of which target providing merchandise marketed or produced in these areas with treatment different from that afforded in their respective customs territories.

He also said that "each Mercosur country should have a multiplicity of memberships. Mercosur must have joint international policies, an agreement on moderate protection from third parties and above all must have agreements with other trade blocks".

The member states can assess merchandise from these areas with the common external tariff used for Mercosur merchandise, or, in the case of certain special products, the domestic tariff prevailing in each individual state.

In this way, the products from the free-trade zones can have the more favorable tax treatment established under Southern Common Market, given to the merchandise produced in the normal customs zones of each member state or, in the case of certain special products, can have the normal customs treatment prevailing in each nation.

Products coming from outside of Mercosur are highly taxed so that local companies do not feel the need to compete with large international companies.

Products produced or marketed in the free-trade zones of each member nation will be eligible for the safeguard system whenever this entails an increase not provided for in imports, but capable of causing damages or threatened damages to the importer country.

The member nations agreed that any free-trade zones that in August were already in operation could operate normally under Mercosur, along with any that are set up in light of legal guidelines prevailing or in course in congress during this same time period.

This means that a member nation can no longer create new free-trade zones that are more privileged. Mercosur is an effective agreement for its members.

The actual implementation of Mercosur will not affect the special Manaus , Brazil, and Tierra del Fuego , Argentina, free-trade zones organized in light of their special geographic situations.

These two free-trade zones may continue normal operations until It was established in this protocol that investments under Mercosur by investors resident or domiciled in the territory of any member state will be entitled to treatment no less favorable than that accorded by the other member state to national investors or nonmember states.

For the purposes of constructing the Colonia Protocol, investors are considered to be: Individuals who are citizens of any of the member nations or that reside there on a permanent basis or are domiciled there, with due regard for legislation prevailing in such territory; Legal entities organized pursuant to the legislation of one of the member nations that are headquartered there; and Legal entities organized in the territory where the investment is made, actually and directly or indirectly controlled by the legal entities or individuals mentioned above.

Another characteristic of the climate is this variation throughout the country by the existence of a mountain range called "Cordillera de la Costa" which crosses the country from east to west.

The majority of the population lives in these mountains. The country falls into four horizontal temperature zones based primarily on elevation, having tropical, dry, temperate with dry winters, and polar alpine tundra climates, amongst others.

Venezuela lies within the Neotropic ecozone ; large portions of the country were originally covered by moist broadleaf forests. They include xeric scrublands in the extreme northwest and coastal mangrove forests in the northeast.

Animals of Venezuela are diverse and include manatees , three-toed sloth , two-toed sloth , Amazon river dolphins , and Orinoco crocodiles , which have been reported to reach up to 6.

Venezuela hosts a total of 1, bird species, 48 of which are endemic. More than half of Venezuelan avian and mammalian species are found in the Amazonian forests south of the Orinoco.

For the fungi, an account was provided by R. Dennis [] which has been digitized and the records made available on-line as part of the Cybertruffle Robigalia database.

The tops of the tepuis are also home to several carnivorous plants including the marsh pitcher plant, Heliamphora , and the insectivorous bromeliad, Brocchinia reducta.

Venezuela is among the top 20 countries in terms of endemism. Venezuela is one of the 10 most biodiverse countries on the planet, yet it is one of the leaders of deforestation due to economic and political factors.

Each year, roughly , hectares of forest are permanently destroyed and other areas are degraded by mining, oil extraction, and logging.

Between and , Venezuela officially lost 8. Covering 32, square miles 82, square kilometres , the area is off-limits to farmers, miners, and all non-Yanomami settlers.

Two major blocs of political parties are in Venezuela: The Venezuelan president is elected by a vote, with direct and universal suffrage , and is both head of state and head of government.

The term of office is six years, and as of 15 February a president may be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The president appoints the vice president and decides the size and composition of the cabinet and makes appointments to it with the involvement of the legislature.

The president can ask the legislature to reconsider portions of laws he finds objectionable, but a simple parliamentary majority can override these objections.

The president may ask the National Assembly to pass an enabling act granting the ability to rule by decree in specified policy areas; this requires a two-thirds majority in the Assembly.

Since , six Venezuelan presidents have been granted such powers. The number of members is variable — each state and the Capital district elect three representatives plus the result of dividing the state population by 1.

For the — period the number of seats is The voting age in Venezuela is 18 and older. Voting is not compulsory. The legal system of Venezuela belongs to the Continental Law tradition.

The highest judicial body is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia , whose magistrates are elected by parliament for a single two-year term.

Supreme Court president Luisa Estela Morales said in December that Venezuela had moved away from "a rigid division of powers" toward a system characterized by "intense coordination" between the branches of government.

Morales clarified that each power must be independent adding that "one thing is separation of powers and another one is division".

Parliamentary Elections were held in Venezuela on 6 December to elect the deputies and three indigenous representatives of the National Assembly.

In , a series of protest and demonstrations began in Venezuela, attributed to inflation, violence and shortages in Venezuela.

The government has accused the protest of being motivated by fascists , opposition leaders, capitalism and foreign influence, [] despite being largely peaceful.

Despite this, Maduro said "I will stop by hook or by crook the opposition coming to power, whatever the costs, in any way". The first steps taken by PSUV and government were the substitution of the entire Supreme Court a day after the Parliamentary Elections [] contrary to the Constitution of Venezuela, acclaimed as a fraud by the majority of the Venezuelan and international press.

Maduro said that "the Amnesty law approved by the Parliament will not be executed" and asked the Supreme Court to declare it unconstitutional before the law was known.

On 16 January , Maduro approved an unconstitutional economic emergency decree, [] relegating to his own figure the legislative and executive powers, while also holding judiciary power through the fraudulent designation of judges the day after the election on 6 December On 14 May , constitutional guarantees were in fact suspended when Maduro decreed the extension of the economic emergency decree for another 60 days and declared a State of Emergency, [] which is a clear violation of the Constitution of Venezuela [] in the Article th: On 14 May , the Organization of American States was considering the application of the Inter-American Democratic Charter [] sanctions for non-compliance to its own constitution.

In March , the Venezuelan Supreme Court took over law making powers from the National Assembly [] but reversed its decision the following day.

Throughout most of the 20th century, Venezuela maintained friendly relations with most Latin American and Western nations.

In , Venezuela was declared a national security threat by U. Venezuela seeks alternative hemispheric integration via such proposals as the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas trade proposal and the newly launched pan-Latin American television network teleSUR.

Venezuela is one of five nations in the world—along with Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria—to have recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Globally, it seeks a " multi-polar " world based on strengthened ties among undeveloped countries. It will take two years for the country to formally leave.

During this period, the country does not plan on participating in the OAS. Venezuela is involved in a long-standing disagreement about the control of the Guayana Esequiba area.

It includes over , men and women, under Article of the Constitution, in 5 components of Ground, Sea and Air. The components of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces are: As of [update] , a further , soldiers were incorporated into a new branch, known as the Armed Reserve.

The President of Venezuela is the commander-in-chief of the national armed forces. The main roles of the armed forces are to defend the sovereign national territory of Venezuela, airspace, and islands, fight against drug trafficking, to search and rescue and, in the case of a natural disaster, civil protection.

All male citizens of Venezuela have a constitutional duty to register for the military service at the age of 18, which is the age of majority in Venezuela.

According to some sources, Venezuela was the most murderous place on Earth in , but researchers like Dorothy Kronick have shown that NGOs have manipulated unofficial statistics.

The number of homicides in Venezuela has been inflated, which has even been recognized by opposition intellectuals. Venezuela is especially dangerous toward foreign travelers and investors who are visiting.

The United States Department of State and the Government of Canada have warned foreign visitors that they may be subjected to robbery, kidnapping for a ransom or sale to terrorist organizations [] and murder, and that their own diplomatic travelers are required to travel in armored vehicles.

There are approximately 33 prisons holding about 50, inmates. Corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and was so for much of the 20th century.

The ranking placed Venezuela at number , out of ranked countries in government transparency. Venezuela ranks fourth in the world for cocaine seizures, behind Colombia, the United States, and Panama.

However, many major government and military officials have been known for their involvement with drug trafficking; especially with the October incident of men from the Venezuelan National Guard placing 1.

Venezuela is divided into 23 states estados , a capital district distrito capital corresponding to the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies Dependencias Federales , a special territory.

Venezuela is further subdivided into municipalities municipios ; these are subdivided into over one thousand parishes parroquias. The states are grouped into nine administrative regions regiones administrativas , which were established in by presidential decree.

The country can be further divided into ten geographical areas, some corresponding to climatic and biogeographical regions.

In the north are the Venezuelan Andes and the Coro region , a mountainous tract in the northwest, holds several sierras and valleys.

East of it are lowlands abutting Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela. The Central Range runs parallel to the coast and includes the hills surrounding Caracas; the Eastern Range, separated from the Central Range by the Gulf of Cariaco , covers all of Sucre and northern Monagas.

Nueva Esparta and the various Federal Dependencies. Other notable manufacturing includes electronics and automobiles , as well as beverages , and foodstuffs.

The country is not self-sufficient in most areas of agriculture. In , total food consumption was over 26 million metric tonnes, a Previously an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.

The recovery of oil prices after boosted the Venezuelan economy and facilitated social spending. With social programs such as the Bolivarian Missions , Venezuela initially made progress in social development in the s, particularly in areas such as health, education, and poverty.

This led to the development of a parallel market of dollars in the subsequent years. The fallout of the global financial crisis saw a renewed economic downturn.

One of his decisions was to force stores and their warehouses to sell all of their products, which led to even more shortages in the future.

Tourism has been developed considerably in recent decades, particularly because of its favorable geographical position, the variety of landscapes, the richness of plant and wildlife , the artistic expressions and the privileged tropical climate of the country, which affords each region especially the beaches throughout the year.

Margarita Island is one of the top tourist destinations for enjoyment and relaxation. It is an island with a modern infrastructure, bordered by beautiful beaches suitable for extreme sports, and features castles, fortresses and churches of great cultural value.

Shortages occur in regulated products, such as milk, various types of meat, coffee, rice, oil, flour, butter, and other goods including basic necessities like toilet paper, personal hygiene products, and even medicine.

A drought, combined with a lack of planning and maintenance, has caused a hydroelectricity shortage. To deal with lack of power supply, in April the Maduro government announced rolling blackouts [] and reduced the government workweek to only Monday and Tuesday.

By late and into , Venezuelans had to search for food on a daily basis, occasionally resorting to eating wild fruit or garbage , wait in lines for hours and sometimes settle without having certain products.

Venezuela has the largest oil reserves, and the eighth largest natural gas reserves in the world, and consistently ranks among the top ten world crude oil producers.

In the first half of the 20th century, US oil companies were heavily involved in Venezuela, initially interested only in purchasing concessions.

Managers and skilled highly paid technicians of PDVSA shut down the plants and left their posts, and by some reports sabotaged equipment, and petroleum production and refining by PDVSA almost ceased.

Activities eventually were slowly restarted by returning and substitute oil workers. Venezuela has a limited national railway system , which has no active rail connections to other countries.

The Maracaibo Metro and Valencia Metro were opened more recently. Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; [10] [11] the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital Caracas, which is also the largest city.

The largest and most important city south of the Orinoco is Ciudad Guayana , which is the sixth most populous conurbation. According to a study by sociologists of the Central University of Venezuela , over 1.

The people of Venezuela come from a variety of ancestries. It is estimated that the majority of the population is of mestizo , or mixed, ethnic ancestry.

Nevertheless, in the census, which Venezuelans were asked to identify themselves according to their customs and ancestry, the term mestizo was excluded from the answers.

The majority claimed to be mestizo or white — Ethnic minorities in Venezuela consist of groups that descend mainly from African or indigenous peoples; 2.

During the colonial period and until after the Second World War, many of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands , [] which had a significant cultural impact on the cuisine and customs of Venezuela.

Later, during and after the war, new waves of immigrants from other parts of Europe, the Middle East, and China began; many were encouraged by government-established immigration programs and lenient immigration policies.

According to the World Refugee Survey , published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Venezuela hosted a population of refugee and asylum seekers from Colombia numbering , in , and 10, new asylum seekers entered Venezuela in The total indigenous population of the country is estimated at about thousand people 2.

Although most residents are monolingual Spanish speakers, many languages are spoken in Venezuela. Wayuu is the most spoken indigenous language with , speakers.

Immigrants, in addition to Spanish, speak their own languages. Chinese , , Portuguese , [] and Italian , , [] are the most spoken languages in Venezuela after the official language of Spanish.

English is the most widely used foreign language in demand and is spoken by many professionals, academics, and members of the upper and middle classes as a result of oil exploration by foreign companies, in addition to its acceptance as a lingua franca.

Culturally, English is common in southern towns like El Callao , for the English-speaking native influence evident in folk songs and calypso Venezuelan and French with English voices.

English was brought by Trinidadian and other British West Indies immigrants. Other languages spoken by large communities in the country are Basque and Galician , among others.

Religion in Venezuela according to the census. There are small but influential Muslim , Buddhist , and Jewish communities. Buddhism in Venezuela is practiced by over 52, people.

The Buddhist community is made up mainly of Chinese , Japanese , and Koreans. The Jewish community has shrunk in recent years due to rising antisemitism in Venezuela , [] [] [] [] [] with the population declining from 22, in [] to less than 7, in The culture of Venezuela is a melting pot, which includes mainly three different families: The indigenous, African, and Spanish.

The first two cultures were in turn differentiated according to the tribes. Acculturation and assimilation, typical of a cultural syncretism, caused an arrival at the current Venezuelan culture, similar in many respects to the rest of Latin America, although the natural environment means that there are important differences.

The indigenous influence is limited to a few words of vocabulary and gastronomy and many place names. The African influence in the same way, in addition to musical instruments like the drum.

The Spanish influence was predominant due to the colonization process and the socioeconomic structure it created and in particular came from the regions of Andalusia and Extremadura, the places of origin of most settlers in the Caribbean during the colonial era.

An example of this includes buildings, music, the Catholic religion, and language. Spanish influences are evident in bullfights and certain features of gastronomy.

There is no new notifications. Check our new section: We found streaks for direct matches between Venezuela vs Uruguay. World Cup Qualification S.

Venezuela Venezuela In Copa America position: Uruguay Uruguay In Copa America position: For all matches our algorithm calculate actual form index for both teams last 6 matches.

Venezuela Home matches index 0. Uruguay Away matches index Read more about index. Last 6 matches stats 6. Iran 1 - 1 Venezuela. Japan 1 - 1 Venezuela.

Panama 0 - 2 Venezuela. Colombia 2 - 1 Venezuela. Venezuela 0 - 1 Iran. Paraguay 0 - 1 Venezuela. Venezuela 0 - 0 Uruguay. France 1 - 0 Uruguay. Brazil 1 - 0 Uruguay.

Uruguay 0 - 1 Brazil. Japan 4 - 3 Uruguay. South Korea 2 - 1 Uruguay.

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